Shiga-ken (滋 賀 県) is located in the Hanshu region of Kansai. Its capital is the city of Otsu. It occupies an area of 4.017.38 km2, with a population of 1.414.377 inhabitants, including about 32.995 foreign citizens, being 9.209 Brazilians, 1.525 Peruvians, 5.581 Chinese, 5.003 Vietnam, 4.467 Koreans, 2.599 Philippines, 1.323 Indonesia and others (data town hall, February 2.020).
Shiga is located in central Japan, bordering the province of Fukui to the north, the province of Gifu to the east, the province of Wed to the southeast and Kyoto Prefecture to the west. Shiga was known as the province of Ōmi or Gōshū, before the system of provinces was established.
The province is surrounded by chains of mountains with the Hira Mountains and Mount Hiei to the west, the Ibuki Mountains to the northeast and the Suzuka Mountains to the southeast, and the number of Rivers flowing from these surrounding mountains to Lake Biwako is over 120.
Lake Biwako is located in the center of the province and the largest in Japan (occupies one sixth of its area). The Yodo River flows from Lake Biwa to Osaka Bay through Kyoto. This is the only river flowing out of a lake. Other natural rivers flow towards the lake. There are many ponds around Lake Biwa, but most of them were recovered in the 1940s. One of the preserved lakes in the Suigo swamp (水 pant) is the Omihachiman and it was selected as the landscape cultural most important in 2006.
Shiga's climate varies drastically between north and south. The south of Shiga is usually mild, but the north of Shiga is typically cold with a lot of snow and home to many ski resorts. In Nakanokawachi, the northernmost village of Shiga, the snow reached a depth of 5,6 meters in the year 1936.
Em March As of 2008, 37% of the province's total area has been recognized as national parks (the highest number among all provinces).
In the early 1960s, Shiga developed its industry, supporting large factories owned by companies such as IBM Japan, Canon, Yanmar Diesel, Mitsubishi and Toray. According to statistics from the 2007 Official Office, the secondary sector of the economy contributes 44,8% of the gross product of Shiga, the highest proportion in Japan. Traditional provincial industries include textiles, Shigaraki ceramics, butsudan Hikone and Nagahama and Koka remedies.