During pregnancy, a woman is protected by the labor law and is entitled to some benefits. Pregnancy is not a reason for the dismissal of an employee (Article 9 of the Equal Employment Opportunity Act between Men and Women). Therefore, the employer can not:
- To dismiss
- Do not renew the contract of those who are hired for a fixed time.
- Lower the renewal frequency limit of the contract indicated in advance.
- Change the way you hire from effective to temporary.
- You can not change the content of the work contract by having an effective employee become a non-employee.
- Force the worker to resign.
- Leave the employee at a disadvantage by ordering him to stay home waiting for the call to work.
- Reduce professional activity.
- Reduce salary or bonus calculation, etc., to a disadvantage to the employee.
- Make disadvantageous changes in employee placement.
- Order the employee to stay home.
Rights in Pregnancy:
- Do not work at night time.
- Do not work on days off.
- Do not do overtime until the child is three years old.
- Do not perform hazardous activities.
- Do not handle heavy loads.
- Transfer the worker to a light service, if requested by her.
- A to be absent from the service once every four weeks until the 23 the week of gestation.
- A to leave the service once every two weeks from the 24 week until the 35 the week of gestation.
- A to be absent from the service once a week from the 36 week until entering into maternity leave (98 days apart as follows: 42 days before delivery and 56 days after).
If you have questions or problems with compliance with this law, the pregnant woman should look for one of the Labor Standards Inspection Stations (Roodoo Kijun Kantokusho). There are several units in each province, but it is important to master the Japanese language or to be accompanied by someone who can assist with the translation, because the agency has no interpreters.
Some of the benefits that the pregnant woman can receive:
- Childbirth (出産 育 児 一時 金 = shussan ichijikin).
- Maternity aid (出産 手 当 金 - shusan teate kin).
- Maternity Leave / Paternity to take care of child under one year old (育 児 休業 - ikuji kyugyou) by Unemployment Insurance, according to the law from 01 2014 from April.
- License-Maternity (産前 産後 休業 = sanzensango kyugyou) by Shakai Hoken, according to the law from 01 2014 from April.
- Parental leave to take care of child under one year old (育 児 休業 - ikuji kyugyou) by Unemployment Insurance - (IKUMEN - explanatory booklet).
- Free Nurse Services for the First Son, at the birth of the first child, a nurse visits the parents for guidance. In order to have this right, the mother must send the birth registration card (shussei renraku hyoo) to the public health center (hokenjo); the newborn can receive free health consultations in hospitals three times until 13 is completed.
Forbidden activities for pregnant women:
- Work in a place with risk of landslide.
- Cleaning, inspection and repair of machinery engines.
- Manufacture of metal parts using steam or compressed air presses.
- Operation of machinery for loading of construction materials and ship's loads.
- I work in extremely hot and cold places.
- Activity in a hole more than five meters deep.
- Work in a place more than five meters high and with a risk of falling.
- Any activity involving chemical and toxic substances such as mercury, lead, chromium and arsenic.
- Work environment with abnormal air pressure.